Prostate Health

Prostate Cancer Treatment

The most effective treatment options for an individual depend upon many different factors such as your overall health, age, and whether or not you have kidney damage or a bladder infection as a result of an enlarged prostate.

When first confronted with prostate cancer, it can be overwhelming to try and understand the different kinds of treatment options you have. For this reason you should consider getting a second opinion. Below are some of the possible options. Be aware though that the best treatment option for you is the treatment that you and your doctor find to be the best option for your individual situation. Treating prostate cancer does not have a universal option that fits everybody equally.

Before deciding upon a particular option your doctor recommends, you should address the questions below. They should not be taken lightly because you will be embarking upon actions that will affect the rest of your life.

  • Are you in overall good health (besides the prostate cancer)?
  • Is your cancer confined solely to your prostate?
  • How quickly is the cancer growing?
  • What is your age?
  • How important is it for you to be able to control your bowel and bladder movements?
  • Do you feel it would be difficult to live with an untreated cancer that requires strict monitoring?
  • Is your health good enough to go through surgery?

Treatment Options for Localized Cancer

Based on a Gleason Score, localized cancer means you have Stage I or II prostate cancer. This situation presents you with three treatment options that provide a very high chance of survival.

  • "Watchful Waiting"
  • Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy

Treatment Options for Cancer That Spreads Beyond the Prostate

Localized prostate cancer therapies won’t be effective enough to stop cancer that spreads beyond your prostate. This is referred to as Stage III and the best option to keep your tumor at bay is radiation therapy. When combined with hormonal therapy, radiation will work to slow down cancer growth.


Do your best to reach and maintain your ideal bodyweight. Obesity is one of the most significant causes for increasing your prostate cancer risk. Not only does obesity make prostate cancer more difficult to treat, it can make the detection of prostate cancer harder.