Prostate Health

Prostate Cancer Diagnostic Testing

There are a variety of prostate cancer diagnostic tests that will help determine and analyze how well your prostate is functioning, as well as the level of risk you may have for developing prostate cancer. Below are many of the most common diagnostic testing methods for prostate cancer:

Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)

The testing process usually starts with a digital rectal exam, or DRE. This test is considered a benchmark for cancer detection, along with BPH. The size and condition of your prostate can be assessed with a finger inserted into the rectum.

Urine Test

Prostate trouble can also be diagnosed through a standard urine test which screens for an infection or blood. Chemical tests performed on urine can also discover diabetes, liver or kidney disease.

Prostate Ultrasound

This procedure uses state-of-the-art software to estimate the size of your prostate. This test will also come into play if you have a biopsy performed on your prostate.

Bladder Ultrasound

A bladder ultrasound is a simple test that can be performed at the office of your doctor. This procedure is non-invasive and looks for any urine left over in the bladder after you have finished urinating. A larger than normal amount of urine indicates an enlarged prostate that prevents your bladder from fully emptying.

Uroflow

This simple procedure measures the strength of your urine stream while urinating into a test container.

Cystoscopy

A cystoscopy is used to visually examine the prostate and bladder. An instrument is inserted up through the urethra to allow visual analysis.

Radionuclide Bone Scan

This test is used if cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. Tumors usually spread to the bone after they reach the lymph nodes. If there is no bone pain and Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) levels are below 10ng, this procedure is usually skipped due to the presence of bone cancer being highly unlikely.

Computed Axial Tomography (CAT)

This procedure is used to discover cancer that exists in remote areas of the body. Just like the Radionuclide Bone Scan, if there is not enough probable cause this test is usually unnecessary.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

If your prostate cancer is localized, this procedure is also rather unnecessary.

Additional Prostate Cancer Diagnostic Testing Methods

  • Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection
  • Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
  • Hyperplasia Intravenouspyelogram (IVP)

DID YOU KNOW?

10 cups of green tea or a glass of red wine contains enough polyphenol to deter the growth of prostate cancer.